Physical violence and vulnerability to HIV/Aids in young homosexuals and bisexuals

Physical violence and vulnerability to HIV/Aids in young homosexuals and bisexuals

physical Violence and vulnerability to HIV/Aids in young homosexuals and bisexuals to learn the perceptions of young adults whom identify by themselves as homosexuals or bisexuals on experienced violence and determine correlations that are possible vulnerability to HIV/Aids.

Descriptive research by having an approach that is qualitative utilizing the social representation concept in addition to idea of vulnerability with thematic content analysis, carried call at the immunodeficiency condition control center of the general public college m.stripchat within the Southeast region of Brazil, which offered multidisciplinary care to HIV/Aids clients. Thirteen seroconverted teenagers aged between 13 and 24 years took part in the analysis. The choice criterion ended up being males whom identified by themselves as homosexuals or bisexuals, relating to terminology found in the Epidemiologic Bulletin on Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS regarding the Brazilian Ministry of wellness.

Four thematic groups were discovered: “homophobia and bullying”, “sexual, domestic, and institutional violence”, “search for support”, and “love and passion”.

Young homosexuals and bisexuals experienced repeated situations of punishment throughout youth and adolescence, seeing intimate, domestic, and violence that is institutional probably the most painful and tough to confront, and which correlate to vulnerability to HIV/Aids.

Disease by the individual immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has documents of the historic show in Brazil since 1984. Right from the start regarding the epidemic as much as the days that are current significant epidemiological modifications had been based in the population affected. When you look at the very first ten years, with little to no knowledge on HIV and Aids, adult homosexuals, injection medication users, and intercourse employees were the absolute most prevalent, representing significantly more than 70% associated with notified situations. In mid 1990, the disease became common amongst heterosexual both women and men with low education and income degree. Later, older people additionally became target associated with HIV as a result of a few facets, such as for example boost in durability, not enough information, and individual values distinct from safe sex methods. ( 1 , 2 )

Among young ones, notification situations had been always increasing, specially connected with straight transmission. Nevertheless, at the time of 2009, a change that is new the epidemiological profile of HIV/Aids had been found. The notifications revealed an increase that is significant homosexual and bisexual guys aged between 13 and 24 years. The amount of notifications still continues to be in a growing curve before the present 12 months. ( 1 ) This aspect has triggered shock and concern in scientists, educators, activists, and medical specialists, such as for example nurses whom offer care to these people that are young. ( 3 5 ) Concerns are specially directed towards vulnerability of the population, whom, unlike older people and kids, has knowledge and quick access to informative data on preventive measures to HIV/Aids.

Numerous scientists bring nuances in their studies, regarding the circumstances of physical physical violence into the life of teenagers; nevertheless, without further deepening and gaps that are leaving the relationship of violence aided by the vulnerability of teenage boys that have intercourse with guys. ( 3 7 ) consequently, the after question emerges: “Does violence, with its various kinds, make young homosexuals and bisexuals susceptible to HIV/Aids?” Therefore, the goal of the writers associated with the current research ended up being to understand the perceptions of young adults whom identify on their own as homosexuals or bisexuals on experienced violence and recognize feasible correlations with vulnerability to HIV/Aids.

A descriptive research with a qualitative approach had been carried call at the immunodeficiency condition control center of the general general public college into the Southeast area of Brazil, which supplies multidisciplinary care to HIV/Aids patients.

The social representation theory and also the idea of vulnerability had been utilized as theoretical methodological framework. Initial seeks knowledge comes from everyday life to manage a specific topic, rendering it familiar, along with looking for measurements regarding the imaginary and affective, transcending dichotomy between cognition and feeling. ( 8 ) The second examines early speeches of vulnerability to HIV, understanding them and producing substrates to intervene on it in the three interdependent plans proposed: specific, social, and programmatic. ( 9 )

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